Research Projects (2008-2012)

  • Effects of Nutritional Plane on the Maintenance Energy Requirement of Goats
  • Boer Goat Selection for Residual Feed Intake
  • Establishing a Pilot Tannery and Capability for Goat Leather Research at Langston University
  • Enhanced Safety and Product Quality from On-Farm Thermization/Pasteurization of Goat Milk in the Middle East
  • Effects of Selected Nutritional Components on Immunity to Haemonchus in Goats
  • Establishing a Langston University Testing Center for Electric Fence Modifications of Cattle Barb Wire Fence for Goat Containment

  • Title: Effects of Nutritional Plane on the Maintenance Energy Requirement of Goats

    Type: United States - Egypt Joint Science and Technology Fund Program

    Project Number: BIO12-001-016

    Period: 2008-2010

    Investigators: R. Puchala1, A. L. Goetsch1, T. A. Gipson1, A. R. Askar2, and A. Helal2

    Institutions: 1Langston University and 2Desert Research Center

    Objectives:

    • Determine how nutrient restriction impacts energy expenditure (EE) and the maintenance energy requirement (MEm ) with common goat genotypes of Egypt and Oklahoma
    • Determine how adequate nutrient intake following nutrient restriction affects EE and MEm with common goat genotypes of Egypt and Oklahoma
    • Use data from specific objectives 1 and 2 to develop a method of predicting the impact of low nutritional planes on MEm

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    Title: Boer Goat Selection for Residual Feed Intake

    Type: USDA 1890 Institution Research Capacity Building

    Project Number: OKLXGIPSON2008

    Period: 2008-2011

    Investigators: T. A. Gipson1, A. L. Goetsch1, R. Puchala1, T. Sahlu1, and C. Ferrell2

    Institutions: 1Langston University, and 2USDA ARS Meat Animal Research Center, Nutrition Research Unit

    Objective:

    • Determine and demonstrate efficacy of use of residual feed intake to achieve genetic progress in improving efficiency of feed. utilization without elevating mature size or body fatness compared with selection based on growth rate.
    • Characterize relationships between residual feed intake and animal activities, feeding and social behaviors, and energy expenditure, and assess potential means of prediction of residual feed intake at an early age.

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    Title: Establishing a Pilot Tannery and Capability for Goat Leather Research at Langston University

    Type: USDA 1890 Institution Research Capacity Building

    Project Number: OKLXMERKEL2008

    Period: 2008-2011

    Investigators: R. C. Merkel1 and C. K. Liu2

    Institutions: 1Langston University and 2USDA ARS Eastern Regional Research Center

    Objective:

    • Establish a pilot tannery and capability for goat leather research at the LU campus
    • Determine the effects of goat breed, diet and age upon skin chemical composition and the mechanical properties of resulting leather
    • Evaluate environmentally friendly tanning methods on U.S. goat skins

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    Title: Enhanced Safety and Product Quality from On-Farm Thermization/Pasteurization of Goat Milk in the Middle East

    Type: United States - Israel Binational Agricultural Research and Development Fund

    Project Number: FG-9503-09R

    Period: 2010-2011

    Investigators: T. Sahlu1, A. L. Goetsch1, S. Zeng1, Z. Abdeen2, M. Fanum2, K. Azmi2, N. Silanikove3, G. Leitner3, K. Ereifej4, L. Alrousan4, and K. Al-Qudah4

    Institutions: 1Langston University; 2Al-Quds University, East Jerusalem, Palestine; 3Agricultural Research Organization, Bet Dagen, Israel; 4Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan

    Objectives:

    • Develop specifications of an inexpensive thermization/pasteurization equipment system suitable for use on small goat farms in the Middle East, conduct preliminary evaluations of the prototype for possible refinement, and determine procedures for an associated MERC grant proposal to be developed.

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    Title: Effects of Selected Nutritional Components on Immunity to Haemonchus in Goats

    Type: USDA 1890 Institution Research Capacity Building

    Project Number: OKLXWANG10

    Period: 2010-2013

    Investigators: Z. Wang1, A. L. Goetsch1, S. P. Hart1, T. Sahlu1, and G. Chen2

    Institutions: 1Langston University, and 2Oklahoma State University

    Objectives:

    • Investigate immune regulation by H. contortus and reversing this regulation by nutritional components in small ruminants.

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    Title: Establishing a Langston University Testing Center for Electric Fence Modifications of Cattle Barb Wire Fence for Goat Containment

    Type: USDA 1890 Institution Research Capacity Building

    Project Number: OKLXGOETSCH10

    Period: 2010-2013

    Investigators: A. L. Goetsch1, T. A. Gipson1, T. Sahlu1, and J. Burke2

    Institutions: 1Langston University, and 2USDA ARS Dale Bumpers Small Farms Research Center

    Objectives:

    • Develop a repeatable method of testing effectiveness of the various means of cattle fence modifications with electric fence for goat containment.

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