Effects of mixing different breeds to evaluate electric fence strand additions to barbed wire fence to contain growing meat goat kids

TitleEffects of mixing different breeds to evaluate electric fence strand additions to barbed wire fence to contain growing meat goat kids
Publication TypeWeb Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsTsukahara, Y, Gipson, TA, Hayes, J, Puchala, R, Sahlu, T, Goetsch, AL
Series TitleJournal of Animal Science
Edition93
Type of Medium(Supplement s3)
Abstract

A total of 159 kids, consisting of 38 Boer (B) wethers (6.3 ± 0.06 mo of age and 22.1 ± 0.95 kg BW initially), 41 B doelings (6.3 ± 0.06 mo and 21.4 ± 0.52 kg), 40 Spanish (S) wethers (6.7 ± 0.05 mo and 17.8 ± 0.53 kg), and 40 S doelings (6.8 ± 0.05 mo and 18.4 ± 0.46 kg), were used to evaluate effects of grouping, single breed (SGL) and breeds combined (COM), on behavior (e.g., pen exit and shock) when exposed to barbed wire fence with different electric strand additions. Five 2.4 × 3.7 m evaluation pens had 1 side of barb wire strands at 30, 56, 81, 107, and 132 cm from the ground. Fence treatments (FT) were electrified strands (6 kV) at 15 and 43 (LH), 15 and 23 (LM), 15 (L), 23 (M), and 43 cm (H). For adaptation, kids were exposed in evaluation pens to no electric strands (NES), NES, LH at 0 kV, LH at 6 kV, and NES in wk 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5, respectively. Then kids were divided into 2 replication sets per grouping (2 B-SGL, 2 S-SGL, 2 B-COM, and 2 S-COM); each of the 5 pens consisted of 4 or 3 animals for 1-h exposure to FT while observing behavior visually and with video surveillance. There were no main effects of grouping. Fence treatment affected (P