Feed Intake with Adjustments of the Maintenance Energy Requirement - Mature Goats
Let's assume a 50-kg goat with 0 average daily gain (ADG) consuming a diet with 11% crude protein (CP) and 11 MJ/kg dry matter (DM) of metabolizable energy (ME). For these conditions, based on the Mature Goat Feed Intake Calculator without adjustment of the maintenance energy requirement (Option A), predicted DM intake is 0.82 kg.
However, if we assume that this is a meat goat female goat, predicted DM intake is 0.76 kg. These adjustments were made assuming that the maintenance ME requirement is 422.7 kJ/kg body weight (BW0.75) for meat and indigenous goats, 501.3 kJ/kg BW0.75 for dairy goats, and 15% less for females and wethers compared with intact males.
If the maintenance energy requirement is then adjusted for a grazing factor of 1.13 (grazing plus walking time = 7 hours; distance traveled = 4 km; terrain score = 2), then predicted DM intake is 0.84 kg.
If the maintenance energy requirement is also modified for an acclimatization adjustment of 0.16 MJ (average daily temperature for the previous 30 days = 18 degrees C; mid-point temperature of the thermoneutral zone = 20 degrees C), predicted DM intake becomes 0.85 kg.
The sources used in this calculation method are:
Luo, J., A. L. Goetsch, I. V. Nsahlai, J. E. Moore, M. L. Galyean, Z. B. Johnson, T. Sahlu, C. L. Ferrell, and F. N. Owens. 2004. Voluntary feed intake by lactating, Angora, growing and mature goats. Small Ruminant Research 53:357-378.
NRC. 2000. Nutrient Requirements of Beef Cattle, Update 2000. National Academy Press, Washington, DC.
Nsahlai, I. V., A. L. Goetsch, J. Luo, Z. B. Johnson, J. E. Moore, T. Sahlu, C. L. Ferrell, M. L. Galyean, and F. N. Owens. 2004. Metabolizable energy requirements of lactating goats. Small Ruminant Research 53:253-273.
Sahlu, T., A. L. Goetsch, J. Luo, I. V. Nsahlai, J. E. Moore, M. L. Galyean, F. N. Owens, C. L. Ferrell, and Z. B. Johnson. 2004. Nutrient requirements of goats: developed equations, other considerations and future research to improve them. Small Ruminant Research 53:191-219.
Tovar-Luna, I., A.L. Goetsch, , R. Puchala, T. Sahlu, G.E. Carstens, H.C. Freetly, Z.B. Johnson. 2007. Efficiency of energy use for pregnancy by meat goat does with different litter size. Small Ruminant Research 71:583-91.