Glossary

Cervix - closure of the uterus to the exterior.
Corpus luteum - follicle after release of egg, site of progesterone production.
Dystocia - problems associated with giving birth.
Embryo - fertilized egg in the early stages of pregnancy.
Estrogen - hormone secreted by the ovary in association with estrus.
Estrus - period of sexual receptivity of the doe (also called 'heat').
Fertility - percentage of females conceiving.
Fertilization - the fusion of the sperm with egg.
Fetus - a young organism in the early stages of development.
Follicle - site of egg development on the ovary.
Gamete - germ cell of either sex carrying half the genetic information.
Gestation - period from conception to birth (also called pregnancy).
Gonad - the primary reproductive organ of each sex (ovary and testis).
Gonadotropins - hormones secreted by pituitary gland controlling function of gonads (i.e. follicle stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone).
Hormones - biological messengers involved in regulation of the reproductive processes.
Lactation - period of milk production by doe until the kid is weaned.
Ovary - the primary sex organ of the female.
Ovulation - the release of the egg from the ovary.
Ovum - germ cell produced by the female (also called egg).
Parturition - the process of giving birth.
Placenta - membrane holding the developing fetus within the uterus.
Progesterone - hormone secreted by the ovary in support of pregnancy.
Prolificacy - number of offspring born per doe.
Prostaglandin - hormone secreted by the uterus to regress corpus luteum.
Puberty - point of sexual development at which the animal becomes capable of reproduction.
Sperm - germ cell produced by the male.
Testis - the primary sex organ of the male.
Testosterone - hormone secreted by the testis controlling expression of sexual behavior in the male.
Uterus - portion of female reproductive tract holding fetus during pregnancy.

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