Goat Reproduction

Stephan Wildeus - Virginia State University

Unit Objective

After completion of this module of instruction the producer should be able to use reproduction and breeding skills and concepts in such a manner to improve his/her meat goat operation. The producer should be able to discuss the reproductive process of the male (buck) and female (doe) and make decisions regarding the time to breed and care for the breeding animals. The producer should be able to complete all assignment sheets with 100% accuracy and score a minimum of 85% on the module test.

Specific Objectives

After completion of this instructional module the producer should be able to:

  1. Match reproductive and breeding terms with their definitions.
  2. Identify the parts of the female reproductive system.
  3. Select from a list the different functions of the parts of the female reproductive system.
  4. Identify the parts of the male reproductive system.
  5. Select from a list the different functions of the parts of the male reproductive system.
  6. Name the three parts of a spermatoza.
  7. Explain the meaning and implication of puberty.
  8. State in days the estrus cycle of the doe.
  9. State in days the length of the doe’s gestation period.
  10. Explain the nutritional demands of open, early-pregnant, late-pregnant, and lactating does.
  11. Explain the meaning of seasonal breeding.
  12. State the traditional mating system of meat goats.
  13. Name things that should be observed and applied as part of a breeding soundness examination.
  14. Name criteria that are used to score the quality of semen.
  15. Explain the meaning of buck doe ratio and what should be the proper ratio for a successful meat goat production program.
  16. Name some factors that affect embryo mortality.
  17. State the normal position of the goat kid during the birthing process.
  18. Name the two ways a producer can apply or approach to see if the doe is pregnant.
  19. Name some signs/symptoms that the doe is coming into or is in estrus.

Module Contents

  • Introduction
  • Goat Reproductive Biology
    • The doe
    • The buck
    • Puberty
    • Seasonal breeding
  • Basic Reproductive Management
    • Mating schedule/system
    • Nutritional considerations
    • Breeding season management
    • Gestation and parturition
  • Reproductive Management Techniques
    • Buck effect
    • Controlled lighting
    • Pregnancy testing
  • Conclusions
  • Glossary
  • PDF Versions

    You may download this module in PDF format.

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