Introduction to Goat Nutrition

Steve Hart - Langston University

Unit Objective

After completion of this module of instruction, the producer should be able to state the nutritional needs of the goat and to adjust the nutritional needs at specified times during the goat’s production cycle. The producer should be able to recognize nutritional deficiencies or toxicity within the goat herd and make management decisions for correcting such deficiencies and to be able to use the Langston Interactive Nutrient Calculator for specific goat rations. The producer should be able to complete all assignments with 100% accuracy and score a minimum of 85% on the module test.

Specific Objectives

After completion of this instructional module the producer should be able to:

  1. Match terms associated with nutrition to the correct definition.
  2. Match the parts of the goat’s stomach to the digestive function.
  3. State the function of bacteria contained within the goats stomach.
  4. Identify the six classes of nutrients.
  5. State the function of each of the six classes of nutrients.
  6. State some causes when there is a deficiency of energy in the goat’s diet.
  7. State how fiber is characterized in the goat’s diet.
  8. Distinguish between fat and water soluble vitamins.
  9. Match the different vitamins to the function that each provide related to goat nutrition.
  10. Distinguish between macrominerals and microminerals.
  11. Match each mineral to the function that each provides with goat nutrition.
  12. State the major source of minerals that goats consume.
  13. State the most important criteria when choosing a mineral supplement.
  14. State the purpose of integrating salt within a mineral mix.
  15. State the approximate yearly cost of minerals for each 150 pound goat.
  16. State the acceptable procedure for identification of mineral deficiencies or toxicities.
  17. State some nutritional requirements for the kidding season.
  18. State the meaning of body condition scoring.
  19. Match the optimum body condition score during specific periods of the production cycle.
  20. State the meaning of applied nutrition.
  21. State feeding requirements for different classes of goats.
  22. State the considerations for and purpose of creep feeding goat kids.
  23. State the function and need for feeding colostrum.
  24. Identify some considerations for ration formulation.
  25. State requirements for feeding systems.
  26. Match diseases that are associated with nutritional disorders with symptoms.
  27. Use the Langston University Interactive Nutrient Calculator for specific goat rations.

Module Contents

  • Introduction
    • The ruminant stomach
  • Nutrients
    • Water
    • Carbohydrates
    • Fats
    • Protein
    • Vitamins
    • Minerals
      • Macrominerals
      • Micro or trace elements
  • Mineral nutrition considerations
    • Choosing a mineral supplement
    • Diagnosing mineral deficiencies or toxicities
    • Take home lessons on mineral nutrition
  • Body Condition Scoring
  • Using the Interactive Nutrient Calculator
    • Getting started
    • Providing needed nutrients
  • Feeding Different Classes of Goats
    • Feeding bucks
    • Feeding replacement bucks and does
    • Feeding does throughout their life cycle
    • Flushing meat goats
    • Winter feeding of does
    • Feeding does in late gestation
    • Feeding the lactating doe
    • Creep feeding
  • Effect of Kidding Season on Nutrient Requirements
  • Artificial Raising of Kids
  • Considerations in Ration Formulation
  • Feeding Systems
  • Nutritional Disorders
  • Glossary
  • PDF Versions

    You may download this module in PDF format.

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